1776 American Flag

The Withdraw of White Plains
White Plains, New York
On October 28th, only a few days ago, Britain battled the Americans once again, but this time in New York. Leading their troops to White Plains, Major General Howe led his 13,000 British and German men to fight, while General George Washington led his massive 14,500 Americans to fight. Since there was a big difference in numbers of men, the generals both made the decision to only allow 4,000 men from each side be involved and engaged with the battle. The uniforms and army equipment differed to tell who was part of either side-- Britain/German or American (Continental Army). The British wore red coats and headgear of bearskin caps, leather caps, or tricorne hats, depending on whether the troops were grenadiers, light infantry, or battalion company men. The Light Dragoons that were serving in America at the time of the battle wore red coats and leather crested helmets. The German Infantry wore blue coats, and retained the Prussian style grenadier with brass front plate. The Continential Army dressed their best. They wore their blue uniform coats, unlike the militia who had more of the look like an average American. The militia wore their rough, raggy clothing, and some their normal everday outfits. Both sides of the battle fought with their muskets and guns, and Pennsylvania regiments carried along, small calibre, and rifled weapons.
The Battle of White Plains
Washington had chosen the position for his army to stay and wait for the British to come. He chose the position between the Bronx River and the River Crotton. The far side of the Bronx was isolated on Chatterton Hill held by Colonel Spencer. Colonel Spencer and Colonel McDougall and another 4,000 men including two New England militia regiments which were under control of Colonel Rufus Putnam. Colonel Rahl with two Hessian regiments, advanced on a hill which was unoccupied beyond Chatterton's Hill. On the American right while the British attacked the Americans on Chatterton Hill, they were supported by two Hessian battalions. This attack pushed the Americans back until the threat from Rahl's men caused the Americans to withdraw from the hill and retreat across the river to join Washington's army. In the meantime, Howe called for reinforcements from Brigadier Lord Percy in Manhattan in order to mount an attack on Washington's army which was with-drawing to a positon to the rear. The rest is unexplained that the attack was not mounted and Washington and his army were left to pull back across Crotton River.

"One man with Courage, is a Majority" ~ Thomas Jefferson ~ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ White Plains Winner
The Americans were driven back, but were enabled to draw off from the White Plain position and march into New Jersey while the British returned to Manhattan. This was generally concidered to be a drawn battle. However the American garrison on Manhattan and in Fort Washington was left to its fate.


external image insert_table.gif
1. What would have happened if the Americans never fled from the Bronx River?
2. How would both sides fight if either of them didnt have their full army equipment?
3.Why did this battle take place in white plains? Why no-where else?