Victory at Bennington This is a day to rejoyce my friends, for just a week ago on August 16th, our Continental Army took the field near Bennington, Vermont to declare a victory over the Regulars. General John Stark led a force of over two thousand of our Massachusetts and New Hampshire militia men and was accompanied by colonel Seth Warner's Green Mountain Boys. They were going to fight a force composed of mainly British and the elite Hessian soldiers. Starks men ended up defeating Lieutenant Colonels’ Baum and Breymann’s men. In the end Colonel Baum was killed along with another 207 of the opposing army’s men being killed and another 700 being captured. The miltia only lost 30 men with another 40 being wounded.
Though our army won the battle in a landslide victory, it did not come easy. Baum and Breymann were dispatched from General John Burgoyne'sarmy that was progressing down the Hudson in an attempt to sever New England from the rest of the colonies. Our sources tell us that Burgoyne and his men are still attempting to do this and are heading south.
Our sources tell us that Lieutenant Colonel Baum left General Burgoyne's camp at Fort Edward on August 9th to head towards Fort Miller, in which they arrived on August 11th. there they met up with Natives and British marksmen. That is when they learned of a large force of men near Bennington, Vermont. On August 14th Colonel Baum's men neared Bennington and were spotted by a small unit of General Stark's scouts, that were looking out for natives that could pose a threat. Stark's men retreated, but during their retreat they destroyed a bridge to slow down their advance.
Though the opposition did make it across the river they noticed that they were vastly outnumbered. Baum sent a letter to John Burgoyne requesting for backup. So Burgoyne sent out Lieutenant Colonel Breymann and approximately 600 troops. Baum also got support from 100 local American Loyalists during the battle. General Stark did the same and got backup from Colonel Seth Warner and 350 of the Green Mountain Boys. It rained through the day on August 15th, which made gun fighting near impossible because of the fact of having to keep the gun powder dry. This day gave time for the reinforcements on both sides to get closer.
The next day, on August 16th the battle broke out. (Though it is the Battle of Bennington the battle also occurred 10 miles away in Walloomsac, New York) General Starks men went into cover in the woods near Bennington. This confused the Hessian forces. Baum believed that the Continentals were either retreating or redeploying elsewhere. Meanwhile Stark and his troops were taking advantage of the Hessians widely distributed positions and the cover in the woods. Starks men easily conquered Baum's. During the battle Lietenant Colonel Baum was killed.
What made winning this part of the battle so easy is the fact that Baum was surrounded and at times, they did not know who to fire on. The Loyalists fighting alongside Baum were told to wear pieces of white paper in their hats. News of this reached the militia, so many of them wore hats with pieces of white paper in them. Plus Baum was killed during the battle, which cause a state of disorder, which the Hessians are no used to.
While the soldiers were busy taking people prisoner and looting what they had to offer, Lieutenant Colonel Breymann arrived with reinforcements to apprehend the Continentals. Since the Continentals were not organized Breymann saw the perfect chance to attack. Then Colonel Seth Warner arrived with his reinforcements to help Stark hold his ground.
As the day ended Breymann retreated after losing approximately 150 of his men and all of his cannons. As I said earlier the casualties are as follows. The British/Hessians had 907 casualties including 207 deaths and 700 POW. The Continentals had approximately 70 casualties with 30 people killed and 40 wounded.
Outcome/OverviewThis was an important victory for the Americans, for this proved they could put up a good fight against the British. This battle along with the Battle of Saratoga (where John Burgoyne was forced to surrender) prove to be huge victories for the Americans, because those battles got the French to take their side and give them resources, which changed the out come of the war.
PS: Yeah I know one of the middle paragraphs is a different font... I have no clue how to change it back

Questions:
1. Where else did the battle occur besides Bennington?
2.What is a casualty? If the continentals only had 30 people killed, but 70 casualties, why is this?
3. What effect did the Battle of Bennington have on the war?



Youtube Video: Bennington Memorial (I can't embed it)
Bennington Monument/Memorial Video
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