Lexington and Concord: A revolutionary start to the American Revolution, 1775

Map of The Battle

Who: The British troops versus the Militia of Massachusettes

Generals= Colonel Smith, Major Pitcairne and Lord Percy commanded the British Troops.
Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott rode to warn the villages on the route to Concord and the Congress.
Militia were commanded by Barrett, Buttrick, Robinson and many more.
What: The Battle of Lexington And Concord
Where: Boston, Massachusetts
When: The morning of April 19th, 1775 during the American Revolution.
Why: The Battle of Lexington and Concord was made up of two battles that began on April 18th, 1775. British troops were sent to Concord to capture John Hancock and Samuel Adams, but both men had been warned about the British attack. The night of April 18th, Paul Revere rode through Concord warning everybody about the British attack. So when the British came in to take and attack the Rebels, the minutemen were already expecting them.


The Story Of The Battle at Lexington and Concord

At midnight on the dawn of Aril 19th, Smith's advanced parties, consisting of 650-900 troops, left Boston and crossed the Charles River, followed closely by the alarm rider Paul Revere. With Major Pitcairn in charge, the troops and arrived at Lexington Green to see a group of armed Militia in formation awaiting their arrival. Pitcairn ordered the militia, led by John Parker, to be surrounded and disarmed. In response Parker ordered his men to disperse, at the concord North Bridge, near the Old_North Church the Then a shot rang out. So started the first battle in the American Revolutionary War. No one knows who fired first, but the British, hearing the shot, fired upon the small group of militia, killing 8, and wounding 10 more. The militia then retreated into the woods to avoid the British fire. At this point, the British commander decided to retreat back toward Lexington, as it became evident that more and more Minutemen were arriving from all of the local villages and farms. During this retreat the british stuck straight to the main and only road, while the american farmers and others continues firing from behind trees and various locations in the woods in the vicinity of the main road. This even consisted of walls or any obstacles they could find to shoot from. When the British force returned to Lexington, they were met by a relief column. The combined British units then headed for Boston. The Minutemen continued to harass them the whole way. By the end of the day, British casualties numbered 273, while the colonials suffered only 94, 18 of whom fell during the initial clash at Lexington.


Results: Winner- Americans
This reverse in victory greatly encouraged the spriti of the entire revolt across American colonies. It also served as an immediate cause for New York being seized for the revolution considering strong forces moves to Boston eventually forming Washington's continental Army. This battle was so important because it was the first battle of the American Revolution.
Days later the men of Massachusetts used the engagement as propaganda to turn the public opinion to their cause. At the time of the battle only one third of the population believed in breaking from Britain

A Musket; The main weapons of the American Revolution were the muzzleloading flintlock musket, which were attached bayonet, and the cannon. Secondary weapons were the rifle and pistol, swords and other cutting weapons. By far, the most common weapon was the smoothbore flintlock musket, of a large caliber, .62 to .75 inch bore, or equal to 16 to 11 gauge shotguns.
Cannon were considered the queens of the battlefield, being larger and more tactical then muskets as a secondary must-have.
Artillery used:
The British were armed with muskets, blunderbusses, Smooth Barreled Rifles, pistols, swords, and even horse-drawn cannons,
The used whatever they could to fight as well as they knew how too.

The First Shot:
It is claimed that the fight at Lexington was begun by Major Pitcairne firing his pistols at the Americans, but it is considered unknown as to who really started the war. Someone would have eventually began, but without direct orders from their leaders, if it had not been a leader themself.
After the first shot, this order was given to the milita, or something of the sort; " "Fire, fellow soldiers, for God's sake fire!"
"The 1775 Doolittle hand colored engravings of the battles of Lexington and Concord in 1775"
Amos Doolittle (engraver) and Ralph Earl (artist)
This is an image of the town of Concord.
Present above is an original 1775 Map showing the Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington and Concord.
This map was printed on July 29, 1775, within days of the actual battle itself.
The legend on the left of the map reads,
"A Plan of the Town and Harbor of Boston."
and the Country adjacent to the road from Boston to Concord,
showing the place of the late engagement between the King's troops and the Provincials,
together with the several Encampments of both armies in and around Boston.

Discussion Questions;
Q: Which parliament British laws led to the battle of lexington and concord?
A: After 1774, with the passage ofthe Inteolerable Acts by the British parliament. This increased unrest throughout the colonies.

Q: Why were the soldiers in Massachusetts called "Minutemen"?
They could be easily prepeared and were trainedto be in the time frame of one minute.

Q: Do you think the colonists were right to go to war with England? Why or why not?

Q: Why do you think the four thousand colonists in the forest were able to kill so many English soldiers?